Temperate forests contain
two layers of trees and an under story of shrubs below. Because the trees are parted at the top, sunlight is able to reach
the ground which enables plants to grow. Forests can vary due to the trees within them, which is based on location.
Temperate forests are located in the Eastern United States, Canada,
Japan, and certain parts of Russia. The Pacific Northwest
contains trees such as: redwood, Western red cedar, and hemlock. Temperate forests contain trees that are: Coniferous-Any of various mostly needle-leaved or scale-leaved, chiefly evergreen, cone-bearing gymnospermous
trees or shrubs such as pines, spruces, and firs. (dictionary.com)It also contains:
Deciduous-Shedding or losing foliage at the end of the growing season. (dictionary.com)
Flora found in the
temperate forests consist of many different plants and shrubs. Some examples of the plants would be mosses and lichens. Lichens
are fungus that grows on trees and rocks. The shrubs that are in the temperate forests are: mountain laurel, which is a white
and pink flowered bush, and huckleberries, which are similar to blueberries. The fauna found in the forests are ground-burrowing
and arboreal (living in trees) mammals. The black bear is one of the more successful animals in the temperate forests, due
to its ability to climb trees and manage with the changing of the seasons without much trouble. It can hibernate and store
food for survival during the winter. There are also birds, reptiles, and insects.
In the temperate
forest, there is a steady amount of rain that also affects the plants in the temperate forests. Temperate forests have one
of the highest rain averages, second only to rainforests. They receive between 30 and 60 inches of rain each year.